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43 items found for ""

  • Society | MATRIx

    Society Stigma Culture Maternal norms​ Back to Conceptual Framework

  • Beliefs About Health Services | MATRIx

    INDIVIDUAL Beliefs About Health Services ​ Certain beliefs about health services can impact whether services are implemented and delivered successfully, and whether women seek help and access services. These beliefs include:​ Services only offer medication Services are stretched​ Services are too complicated No trust in health services Services only offer medication Believing health services will only offer medication for perinatal mental illness may act as a barrier to perinatal mental health care​.​ ​ "I knew she would just write me a prescription and send me away…that wasn’t what I wanted​.​" ​ Evidence level: Low​ ​ ​Parts of the care pathway affected: Deciding to consult, Assessment, Deciding to disclose, Access to treatment, Provision of optimal treatment.​​ ​ Key literature: ​ Button S, et al. 2017 Services Are Too Complicated Believing health services are too complicated may act as a barrier to perinatal mental health care​ ​ "Consistently identified barriers to care for immigrant women were: ‘not understanding the health-care system’” ​ ​Evidence level: Low​ ​ ​Parts of the care pathway affected: Deciding to consult, Access to treatment​. ​ ​​Key literature: ​ Ganann R, et al. 2019 Services Are Stretched Believing perinatal mental health services are too stretched and therefore will be unable to help, may act as a barrier to perinatal mental health care.​​ ​ "I think it was just that they were really busy and just didn’t really have enough time for everybody with their kids".​ ​ ​Evidence level: Low​ ​ ​Parts of the care pathway affected: Deciding to consult, Deciding to disclose​. ​ ​Key literature: ​ Hadfield H, et al. 2017 No trust in health services Having little trust in health services may act as a barrier to perinatal mental health care​ ​ "The personal barriers described were mistrust, [and] fear of mental health service systems". ​ ​Evidence level: Low​ ​ ​Parts of the care pathway affected: Access to treatment​ ​ ​Key literature: ​ Boyd RC, et al. 2011 Recommendations More research is needed into beliefs about health systems using rigorous methodology, before recommendations for policy and practice can be made. Back to Individual

  • Commissioners | MATRIx

    Commissioners Care pathways Appropriate and timely services Funding Back to Conceptual Framework

  • Interpersonal | MATRIx

    Interpersonal Trusting relationship and rapport​ Language barriers​ Shared decision making​ Open and honest communication​ Back to Conceptual Framework

  • Characteristics of Treatment | MATRIx

    SERVICE MANAGERS Characteristics of treatment Certain aspects of treatment can impact implementation, as well as whether women find the treatment acceptable and therefore engage with it.​ Opportunity to talk. Flexibility​. Individualised care. Group support​. Appropriateness of treatment​. Face to face. Opportunity to talk Interventions that provide women with an opportunity to talk about how they are feeling may be a facilitator. ​ ​ "…the opportunity to talk and have someone ​‘really listen’ was considered therapeutic, giving the women the opportunity to ‘get things off [my] chest.’” ​ Evidence level: ​Low ​ ​Parts of the care pathway affected: Provision of optimal treatment, Women’s experience of treatment​. ​ Key literature: ​ Hadfield H, et al. 2017 Individualised care Individualised and person-centred care can be a facilitator. A lack of individualised care can be a barrier. ​ [Discussing therapy ending before she was ready] One woman stated, “Just me thinking about it [ending the visits] now makes me feel quite panicky. . . . What would have been the point of ripping off the plaster and starting to abrade the wound only to just then say, oh well.”​ ​ Evidence level: ​Moderate ​ ​Parts of the care pathway affected: Access to treatment, Provision of optimal treatment, Women’s experience of treatment​. ​ Key literature: ​ Hadfield H, et al. 2017 Appropriateness of treatment​ Treatment that is appropriate to women’s needs can be a facilitator. Treatment that does not suit women’s needs can be a barrier. ​ "CBT [Cognitive behavioural therapy] is often indicated as first line treatment but really it’s not an option for a lot of women. They don’t have the means to access it, they don’t have the motivation to access." ​ “I don’t even have time to go to the bathroom by myself so why would I sit down and do nasal breathing?” ​Evidence level: ​ Moderate ​ ​Parts of the care pathway affected: Access to treatment, Provision of optimal treatment, Women’s experience of treatment​​. ​ Key literature: ​ Chartier MJ, et al. 2015 ​Noonan M, et al. 2018 Flexibility​ Flexible treatment can be a facilitator. Inflexible treatment can be a barrier.​ ​ "I loved that I could access the program anytime. It fit into my schedule in a way that traditional therapy could not have, as my baby is demanding and my husband works out of town."​ ​ ​Evidence level: Moderate​ ​ ​Parts of the care pathway affected: Provision of optimal treatment, Women’s experience of treatment​. ​ ​Key literature: ​ Pugh NE, et al. 2015 Group support​ For some women, group support was a facilitator. Other women did not want group support and therefore found it to be a barrier.​ ​ "I was a bit intimidated – intimidated’s [sic] the wrong word I was a bit hesitant at first because I thought oh my God I’ve gotta sit in front of a bunch of other people and talk about the problems I was having, you know what are they gonna think of me, but it actually ended up being better for me being in a group​".​ ​ ​Evidence level: Moderate​ ​ ​Parts of the care pathway affected: Provision of optimal treatment, Women’s experience of treatment​. ​ ​Key literature: ​ Hadfield H, et al. 2019 Face-to-face ​ For some women, face to face support may be facilitator.​ ​ "...an in-person therapist would be able to personalize the learning process a little more, and spend more time on things I needed to spend more time on".​ ​ ​Evidence level: Low​ ​ ​Parts of the care pathway affected: Provision of optimal treatment, Women’s experience of treatment​. ​ ​Key literature: Pugh NE, et al. 2015 Recommendations We recommend service managers ensure the provision of culturally sensitive care, that is individualised, flexible, and appropriate to women’s needs. ​ ​ Ideally care should be be delivered face-to-face​. ​ Peer support is valued by some women too and should be considered​. ​ We recommend that care is co-produced with women. One example of a successful co-produced service is the co-production of perinatal mental health services in Ealing, Hammersmith, Fulham & Hounslow. ​ Back to Service Manager

  • References | MATRIx

    References Atif N, Lovell K, Husain N, Sikander S, Patel V, Rahman A. Barefoot therapists: barriers and facilitators to delivering maternal mental health care through peer volunteers in Pakistan: a qualitative study. Int J Ment Health Syst. 2016;10:24. Mar 15. doi:10.1186/s13033-016-0055-9 ​ Atif N, Nazir H, Zafar S, Chaudhri R, Atiq M, Mullany LC, Rowther AA, Malik A, Surkan PJ and Rahman A (2020) Development of a Psychological Intervention to Address Anxiety During Pregnancy in a Low-Income Country. Front. Psychiatry 10:927. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00927 ​ Bina R, Barak A, Posmontier B, Glasser S, Cinamon T. Social workers' perceptions of barriers to interpersonal therapy implementation for treating postpartum depression in a primary care setting in Israel. Health Soc Care Community. 2018;26(1):e75-e84. doi:10.1111/hsc.12479 ​ Bina R. Predictors of postpartum depression service use: A theory-informed, integrative systematic review. Women Birth. 2020;33(1):e24-e32. doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2019.01.006 ​ Boyd RC, Mogul M, Newman D, & Coyne JC. Screening and referral for postpartum depression among low-income women: a qualitative perspective from community health workers. Depression Research and Treatment. 2011. ​ Button S, Thornton A, Lee S, Shakespeare J, Ayers S. Seeking help for perinatal psychological distress: a meta-synthesis of women's experiences. Br J Gen Pract. 2017;67(663):e692-e699. doi:10.3399/bjgp17X692549 ​ Byatt N, Biebel K, Debordes-Jackson G, et al. Community mental health provider reluctance to provide pharmacotherapy may be a barrier to addressing perinatal depression: a preliminary study. Psychiatr Q. 2013;84(2):169-174. doi:10.1007/s11126-012-9236-0 ​ Chartier MJ, Attawar D, Volk JS, Cooper M, Quddus F, McCarthy JA. Postpartum Mental Health Promotion: Perspectives from Mothers and Home Visitors. Public Health Nurs. 2015;32(6):671-679. doi:10.1111/phn.12205 ​ Dennis CL, Chung-Lee L. Postpartum depression help-seeking barriers and maternal treatment preferences: a qualitative systematic review. Birth. 2006;33(4):323-331. doi:10.1111/j.1523-536X.2006.00130.x ​ Doering JJ, Maletta K, Laszewski A, Wichman CL, Hammel J. Needs and challenges of home visitors conducting perinatal depression screening. Infant Ment Health J. 2017;38(4):523-535. doi:10.1002/imhj.21656 ​ Ganann R, Sword W, Newbold KB, Thabane L, Armour L, Kint B. Provider Perspectives on Facilitators and Barriers to Accessible Service Provision for Immigrant Women With Postpartum Depression: A Qualitative Study. Can J Nurs Res. 2019;51(3):191-201. doi:10.1177/0844562119852868 ​ Hadfield H, Wittkowski A. Women's Experiences of Seeking and Receiving Psychological and Psychosocial Interventions for Postpartum Depression: A Systematic Review and Thematic Synthesis of the Qualitative Literature. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2017;62(6):723-736. doi:10.1111/jmwh.12669 ​ Hadfield, H., Glendenning, S., Bee, P. et al. Psychological Therapy for Postnatal Depression in UK Primary Care Mental Health Services: A Qualitative Investigation Using Framework Analysis. J Child Fam Stud 28, 3519–3532 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01535-0 ​ Hansotte E, Payne SI, Babich SM. Positive postpartum depression screening practices and subsequent mental health treatment for low-income women in Western countries: a systematic literature review. Public Health Rev. 2017;38:3. Published 2017 Jan 31. doi:10.1186/s40985-017-0050-y ​ Jallo N, Salyer J, Ruiz RJ, French E. Perceptions of guided imagery for stress management in pregnant African American women. Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2015;29(4):249-254. doi:10.1016/j.apnu.2015.04.004 ​ Jones CC, Jomeen J, Hayter M. The impact of peer support in the context of perinatal mental illness: a meta-ethnography. Midwifery. 2014;30(5):491-498. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2013.08.003 ​ Kim JJ, La Porte LM, Adams MG, Gordon TE, Kuendig JM, Silver RK. Obstetric care provider engagement in a perinatal depression screening program. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2009;12(3):167-172. doi:10.1007/s00737-009-0057-6 ​ Lucas G, Olander EK, Ayers S et al. No straight lines – young women’s perceptions of their mental health and wellbeing during and after pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-ethnography. BMC Women's Health 19, 152 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-019-0848-5 ​ Masood Y, Lovell K, Lunat F, et al. Group psychological intervention for postnatal depression: a nested qualitative study with British South Asian women. BMC Womens Health. 2015;15:109. Published 2015 Nov 25. doi:10.1186/s12905-015-0263-5 ​ Megnin-Viggars O, Symington I, Howard LM, Pilling S. Experience of care for mental health problems in the antenatal or postnatal period for women in the UK: a systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative research. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2015;18(6):745-759. doi:10.1007/s00737-015-0548-6 ​ Morrell CJ, Sutcliffe P, Booth A, et al. A systematic review, evidence synthesis and meta-analysis of quantitative and qualitative studies evaluating the clinical effectiveness, the cost-effectiveness, safety and acceptability of interventions to prevent postnatal depression. Health Technol Assess. 2016;20(37):1-414. doi:10.3310/hta20370 ​ Myors KA, Johnson M, Cleary M, Schmied V. Engaging women at risk for poor perinatal mental health outcomes: a mixed-methods study. Int J Ment Health Nurs. 2015;24(3):241-252. doi:10.1111/inm.12109 ​ Nithianandan, N., Gibson-Helm, M., McBride, J. et al. Factors affecting implementation of perinatal mental health screening in women of refugee background. Implementation Sci 11, 150 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13012-016-0515-2 ​ Noonan, M., Doody, O., O’Regan, A. et al. Irish general practitioners' view of perinatal mental health in general practice: a qualitative study. BMC Fam Pract 19, 196 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12875-018-0884-5 ​ Pugh NE, Hadjistavropoulos HD, Hampton AJD, Bowen A, Williams J. Client experiences of guided internet cognitive behavior therapy for postpartum depression: a qualitative study. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2015;18(2):209-219. doi:10.1007/s00737-014-0449-0 ​ Rowan C, McCourt C, & Bick D. (2010). Provision of perinatal mental health services in two English strategic health authorities: views and perspectives of the multi-professional team. Evidence Based Midwifery, 8(3), 98-106. ​ Smith, M. S., Lawrence, V., Sadler, E., & Easter, A. (2019). Barriers to accessing mental health services for women with perinatal mental illness: systematic review and meta-synthesis of qualitative studies in the UK. BMJ open, 9(1), e024803. ​ Schmied V, Black E, Naidoo N, Dahlen HG, Liamputtong P (2017) Migrant women’s experiences, meanings and ways of dealing with postnatal depression: A meta-ethnographic study. PLoS ONE 12(3): e0172385. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0172385 ​ Shakespeare J, Blake F, & Garcia J. A qualitative study of the acceptability of routine screening of postnatal women using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. British Journal of General Practice. 2003; 53(493), 614-619. ​ Sorsa MA, Kylmä J, Bondas TE. Contemplating Help-Seeking in Perinatal Psychological Distress-A Meta-Ethnography. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(10):5226. doi:10.3390/ijerph18105226 ​ Staneva AA, Bogossian F, & Wittkowski A. The experience of psychological distress, depression, and anxiety during pregnancy: A meta-synthesis of qualitative research. Midwifery. 2015; 31(6), 563-573. ​ Watson H, Harrop D, Walton E, Young A, Soltani H. A systematic review of ethnic minority women's experiences of perinatal mental health conditions and services in Europe. PLoS One. 2019;14(1):e0210587. Published 2019 Jan 29. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0210587 ​ Willey S, Gibson-Helm M, Finch T, East C, Khan N, Boyd L, & Boyle J. Implementing innovative evidence-based perinatal mental health screening for refugee women. Women and Birth. 2018; 31, S8. ​ Williams CJ, Turner KM, Burns A, Evans J, Bennert K. Midwives and women's views on using UK recommended depression case finding questions in antenatal care. Midwifery. 2016;35:39-46. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2016.01.015 ​ Young CA, Burnett H, Ballinger A, et al. Embedded Maternal Mental Health Care in a Pediatric Primary Care Clinic: A Qualitative Exploration of Mothers' Experiences. Acad Pediatr. 2019;19(8):934-941. doi:10.1016/j.acap.2019.08.004 ​

  • Further resources | MATRIx

    Further Resources Infographics Infographic for women​ Recommendations for health professionals Recommendations for service managers Recommendations for commissioners Recommendations for policy makers Animations Animation for women and families Animation for health professionals Animation for service managers Conceptual frameworks MATRIx Facilitators Framework MATRIx Barriers Framework Summary report​ Publications Review 1 publication​ Review 2 publication​ Conceptual frameworks publication NIHR Publication Other Perinatal Mental Health Partnership - Matrix videos Recommendations Twitter (X) References

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